English Bulldog Breed History and Origin
The history of the breed English Bulldog rooted in antiquity. The ancestors of the English Bulldogs were Molossians - fighting dogs from ancient Athens. Given the similarity of these powerful dogs with mastiffs, it is possible that the boxer, bulldog and mastiffs have common roots.
It was the ancestors of the English bulldogs who were participants in the old cruel fun - bullies. The name is translated from English: “bull dog”. The dogs were required to clutch the bull in the nose and not let go until the unfortunate horned one fell, exhausted by battle and blood loss. The beginning of this entertainment was laid by Earl Warren from Lincolnshire. In 1209, when he saw two dogs fighting a bull, he decided that this could be great fun for a wide range of spectators.
It is not known exactly when the English bulldogs appeared. The first breed description in history tells of “bandogs,” huge, vicious, energetic, and stubborn dogs ideal for fighting bulls. However, at the beginning of the 17th century. bulldogs have definitely stood out as a breed.
The field of activity left its mark on the properties of the breed. Bulldogs should have been distinguished by endurance, fearlessness - to recklessness, mood for a fight and insensitivity to pain.
They had to be squat, broad-chested, not too heavy, stocky, possess powerful grip and at the same time implicitly obey the owner.
By the beginning of the 19th centurybaiting bulls gradually gave way to dog fights, which required completely different qualities: speed and mobility. Bulldogs began to interbreed with terriers, the cross was originally called the “bul-and-terrier”.
Fortunately, the Animal Welfare Act entered into force in the UK in 1835. Alas, he did not forbid dog fights, but the persecution of bulls was put to an end. And although this was undoubtedly a progressive solution, it jeopardized the existence of the English bulldogs - an opinion appeared that the representatives of the breed were no longer suitable for anything.
But a certain Bill George did not abandon attempts to breed them, and it was his merit in the fact that these dogs began to be highly appreciated as reliable companions. 1875 was marked by the emergence of the first club of lovers of English bulldogs.
And at the beginning of the twentieth century. the breed came into fashion in New York and spread throughout the world.